Preamble of the CS-DC Charter
UNITWIN is the abbreviation for UNESCO’s University Twinning and Networking Programme established in 1992. The UNITWIN/UNESCO Chairs Programme advances research, training and programme develop-ment in all of UNESCO’s fields of competence by building university networks and encouraging inter-university cooperation through the transfer of knowledge across borders. The programme aims to be pertinent, forward-thinking and to impact socio-economic development effectively. UNESCO Chair and UNITWIN projects have established new teaching programmes, generating new ideas through research and reflection, and facilitating the enrichment of existing university programmes while respecting cultural diversity. There are 715 UNESCO Chairs and 69 UNITWIN Networks in over 830 institutions in 131 countries.
The new science of complex systems will be at the heart of the future of the Worldwide Knowledge Society. It is providing radical new ways of understanding the physical, biological, ecological, and social universe. Complex Systems are ambiguously situated in turbulent, unstable, and changing environments. They evolve and adapt through internal and external dynamic interactions. They are value-laden multi-level multi-component reconfigurable systems of systems. They are the source of very difficult scientific challenges related to the transversal theoretical questions for observing, reconstructing, predicting and managing their multiscale dynamics. The challenges posed by the multi-scale modelling of both natural and artificial adaptive complex systems can only be met with radically new collective strategies for research and teaching.
The UniTwin UNESCO Network will federate the Research and Education Institutions all around the world wishing to deal with the challenges of complex systems science. Through a Digital Campus it will coordinate an evolving social network involved in identifying the scientific challenges though living complex systems roadmaps, and facilitate sharing all the research and educative resources for overcoming them. The Digital Campus will be structured through interdisciplinary education and research departments, each federating the e-community devoted to each challenge. The Digital Campus will be a main component of the Citizen Cyberscience, for involving even citizens at the global level with their sensing, computing and thinking resources towards ubiquitous observing, learning and computing.
Complex systems science bridges the gap between the individual and the collective: from genes to organisms to ecosystems, from atoms to materials to products, from notebooks to the Internet, from citizens to society. It cuts across all the disciplines. It is part of every discipline. It creates new and shorter paths between scientists and accelerates the flow of scientific knowledge. It reduces the gap between pure and applied science, between science and engineering, establishing new foundations for the design, control and management of systems with unprecedented levels of complexity exceed the capacity of current approaches. It will benefit industry, the public sector, and all social actors. Complex systems science will be the foundation of worldwide wealth and socio-economic wellbeing in the 21stcentury.
Technical, economic and societal benefits stem from complex systems engineering, based on predictive integrated models allow us to govern and protect the complex systems within and around us. The most noteworthy results will be increasingly personalized health and education, the prevention of epidemics and, more generally, disasters. Reducing uncertainty regarding the impact of our actions on complex systems will lead to a transformation in the relationship between science, engineering, ethics and politics.
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